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Negative effects of landscaping

Negative effects of landscaping


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Negative effects of landscaping

Negative effects of landscaping (landscape management) is the study of the environmental impacts of landscape management practices (i.e., land development, construction of buildings, roads and other infrastructure) used by societies. Negative effects of landscaping encompasses the effects of landscape architectural and urban planning and construction, and include global and local effects.

Types of landscape

Landscape elements (trees, ponds, lakes, etc.) are typically defined as a collection of objects or activities whose placement, construction, design, maintenance, or operation have the potential to have an impact on the environment. Landscape planning refers to the decision-making process of defining and organizing the various elements of a landscape into a specific setting.

Many landscapes incorporate more than one element, which could be a mixture of natural, manmade, or an "artificial" landscape. Landscapes are further classified as either natural, artificial, or a combination of the two. Natural landscapes include natural plants, animal life, landforms, and/or water bodies. Artificial landscapes include man-made features such as buildings, roads, paths, landscaping, and recreational facilities. Combination landscapes include the combination of natural and artificial features.

Characteristics of landscape elements

Landscape elements have distinctive characteristics, including:

Type (e.g., hardscape, water, landform, water form, etc.)

Location (e.g., front yard, rear yard, inside building, on roof, topography, view, exposure, etc.)

Size (e.g., distance from water source, width, height, length, shape, density, proximity, etc.)

Use (e.g., play, shade, food, shelter, energy, recreation, etc.)

Maintenance (e.g., frequency of maintenance, care, appearance, expense, etc.)

Landscape types

Landscape type includes features that can directly affect the performance of landscapes and landscape elements. This includes materials used, the way it is designed, and the quality of construction. Common types include:

หญ้า

กรวด

ทราย

Gravel with fine aggregate

Sand with fine aggregate

Gravel with fine aggregate

ดิน

Design considerations

Design considerations include elements that affect the design of landscapes and landscape elements. These can include landscape pattern, landscape system, or elements used to create landscapes. Typical landscape elements that can be considered include:

Landscape patterns

Landscape systems

Features (natural and/or artificial)

Natural landscape elements

Artificial landscape elements

Design strategies (e.g., naturalistic, formal, regional, etc.)

Landscape design concepts

Visual environment

Design standards

Performance expectations

Maintenance and operation

Design strategies

Landscape design strategies include:

Naturalistic

โดยธรรมชาติ

ไม่เป็นทางการ

เป็นทางการ

Regional

ในเมือง

ร่วมสมัย

Landscape design concepts

Landscape design concepts are the concepts used to design a landscape. These include:

Landscape aesthetics

Landscape arrangement

Landscape ecology

Landscape history

Natural landscape elements

Landscape elements can be classified as natural or artificial. Natural landscape elements include:

Trees

Grasses

Vegetation

Topsoil and subsoil

Vegetation coverage

Vegetation color

Vegetation height

Shrubs

Landscape structure

Water bodies (e.g., lakes, ponds, streams, oceans)

Artificial landscape elements

Artificial landscape elements include:

Water features

Structures

Lighting

Typical landscape features

Typical landscape features include:

Lawns (grass)

Water bodies (e.g., lakes, ponds, streams, oceans)

Planting (deciduous and evergreen trees, grasses, shrubs, and perennials)

Water management (e.g., irrigation, drainage)

Landscape maintenance

Landscape maintenance includes:

Water management (e.g., irrigation, drainage)

Termite and pest control (e.g., spraying, mowing)

Fire prevention (e.g., mowing, landscaping techniques)

Snow management (e.g., snow removal)

Fertilization (e.g., manure, fertilizer)

Landscape materials

Landscape materials include:

ดิน

Topsoil

Subsoil

กรวด

Landfill

Dredge material

Excavation material

Paving material

Landscape techniques

Landscape techniques include:

การจัดสวน

Ground care

Irrigation

Snow removal

Tree and shrub care

Mulching

Landscaping (techniques)

ดูแลสนามหญ้า

Lawn care (landscaping)

Other features

ภูมิประเทศ

Category:Gardening

Category:Landscape


ดูวิดีโอ: Thorbjörn Andersson: Tio tankar om landskapsarkitektur (มิถุนายน 2022).


ความคิดเห็น:

  1. Lairgnen

    แค่ที่จำเป็น ฉันจะมีส่วนร่วม

  2. Zologrel

    It is a pity that I cannot express myself now - I am late for the meeting. I will come back - I will absolutely express the opinion on this issue.

  3. Cyneleah

    ฉันไม่ชอบ...

  4. Yozshushicage

    มีบางอย่างในนี้ ฉันเคยคิดต่างออกไป ขอบคุณสำหรับความช่วยเหลือในเรื่องนี้

  5. Faegami

    สำหรับฉันดูเหมือนว่าคุณคิดผิด



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